Author Archives: Br:.

Alchemically Stoned – P.D. Newman (2018)

A fun thing about Masonic symbolism is that you can look at it with different approaches. Some see only Christian or Jewish symbolism, others will compare it to the mysteries of Mithras. Here we have an author who has found “The Psychedelic Secret of Freemasonry” as the subtitle for this book goes.

The author had extensive experience with entheogens before joining a lodge. Entheogens are psychoactive substances found in plants and fungi. He recognised Masonic symbolism from his previous experiments and wrote this little book (180 pages) about his findings. This leads to some interesting suggestions.

Newman found several kinds of Acacia that contain entheogens giving a new meaning to the symbol of the Acacia in Freemasonry and perhaps even a suggestion as to how “Cassia” later became “Acacia”. 
In a similar vein Newman explains the strange double meaning of the second degree password which feels forced with the normal explanation, but which makes perfect sense from ‘an entheogenic point of view’. 

With the fly agaric mushroom he more of less leaves Masonic symbolism and he finds references to this white-spotted red mushroom in Grail legends, among the Rosicrucians and with Aleister Crowley who supposedly used his sexual symbolism to hide his mushroom experiments.

After authors with similar theories about the mysteries of Mithras, even religion in general, Newman pulls the psychedelic card on Masonic symbolism. This is not always entirely convincing and -as mentioned- he does not only focus on Freemasonry, but it sure is amusing to look at the symbolism this way.

2018 The Laudable Pursuit, isbn 0578194007

The Other Brotherhood – Darren Lorente-Bull (2018)

Like Julian Rees, the author was initiated in a lodge working under the United Grand Lodge of England, but later joined a lodge working under the British federation of Le Droit Humain. Together with Rees he wrote More Light, which is actually quite like the present title.

Both books are small (118 pages for the present title, 140 for the other). Both start with a general history of Freemasonry, later switch to “liberal” Freemasonry and the British federation of Le Droit Humain in particular. This book has more information about the origins and development of “liberal” Freemasonry, speaking of the Grand Orient of France, the Grand Lodge of France and Le Droit Humain.

Then there is a chapter about political Freemasonry, esoteric Freemasonry and philosophical Freemasonry showing that there are different approaches within Freemasonry.

Towards the end the author says a few things of the Appeal of Strasbourg which is a document made by “liberal” Masonic organisations to try to (re)form the “centre of union”. Partly as a result of this appeal two organisations were founded years later, Catena and C.L.I.P.S.A.S. trying to bring together different Masonic organisations and create ‘contemporary Landmarks’ which are less strict than the ‘ancient Landmarks’.

Like I wrote about the other book:

The little book seems to aim at reaching people who are unfamiliar with the subject of Freemasonry in general, giving the idea that there is more than the best-known variety. It does not say a whole lot about the way a mixed gender lodge works though.

Perhaps it is a bit more of an introduction into “liberal” Freemasonry than More Light so it could be informative not only for members of mixed-gender lodges, but also for members of “regular” lodges who want to learn a bit about “continental” Freemasonry.

Old photos, who likes a puzzle?

Yesterday I received a little book in Dutch which was published to celebrate the 50th birthday of the international order Le Droit Humain in 1949. The contains a photo with has as subscription “participators of the Supreme Council in the 1930’ies”. I remembered similar photos that can be found online. On a German ‘Masonic wiki’ there are two photos from the same ‘series’ and another photos that looks like it was taken during the same meeting. See here. (Two of the photos can be viewed in a fairly high resolution.)

I got the brilliant idea to try to figure out when the photos were made and who are on it. This started off nicely. If this is indeed the supreme council and the photo is from the 1930’ies I should be able to find the head of the Supreme Council, probably sitting in the most prominent place. The French Wikipedia lists the “dirigeants du Droit humain”. Eugene Piron (1875-1928), chairman from 1918 to 1921 (perhaps that should be 1928, the year he died and the year his successor got the chair) does not appear to be on the photo. His follower-up was Lucien Lévi who lead the Supreme Council from 1928 to 1934. Lévi was a man with a beard and a moustache as we can see here. Bingo, Lévi is the man in the middle. He is on all three photos. That narrows down the period in which the photo was taken to 1928 to 1934.

My next thought was to find the Dutch Grand Commander. F.E. Farwerck had the position from 1923 to 1933 and E.J.F. Thierens from 1933 to 1953, so both are candidates for being on the photo. There are not many photos of Farwerck, but like Lévi he had a moustache and beard. He does not appear to be on the photo. I have found one photo of Thierens which is from 1925 so possibly about a decade earlier. There is no face on the photos that I would say would be him.

Belgium then. The Grand Commander of the Belgian federation overlaps Lévi’s period. Gaston Vandermeeren lead the Belgian federation from 1928 to 1934, but no luck, I can’t find a photo.

In the USA the federation was under the command of Louis Goaziou from 1908 until 1937. So he is a candidate too. Goaziou had a black moustache and a narrow face. He could be the man hanging out a bit on the right of the photo in the second row from the top. That is not a very prominent place though.

I have tried to find Grand Commanders of other federations, but I can’t find the nice (Wikipedia) lists that I found the previous names in. Annie Besant lead the British federation from 1902 onward. She passed away in 1933 and she doesn’t appear to be on the photo either. Was she Grand Commander of the British federation until her death?

Does anybody care to see if we can identify other people on the photos?

Myth, Magick & Masonry – James Lamb (2018)

Since relatively speaking there just might be more co-Masons interested in esotericism, I have reviewed a book for you about “Myth, Magic & Masonry”.

The book was written by a Freemason who is also a member of the Ordo Templi Orientis and I understood the book would be about where the two systems touch. This is partly true.

The book has about 120 pages of text and actually contains four essays. In the first “section” the author writes about “The integral relationship between Freemasonry and Ceremonial Magick”. The other sections are about “Solar and astrological symbolism in Freemasonry”, “Elements of classical mythology in modern Freemasonry” and “Freemasonry and the rites of Mithras”.

Most contemporary Western magical orders somehow sprang from Freemasonry. In the time that esotericists and occultists alike joined Masonic lodges they also founded their own societies. Therefor it is not strange that within these orders many Masonic elements can be found. Where (a large part) of Freemasonry developed towards a moralistic society, some of the magic(k)al orders survive until the present day doing more or less what they did in the time of their foundings. The author gives an idea of what magical traces are left in Freemasonry and how a modern magician can look to Freemasonry. This may not be groundbreaking, but it is nice to read this from someone who still has his feet in both currents.

The astrology, Greek mythology and Mithras sections have a few nice findings here and there, but they are mostly not too much in depth and do not really give any new information. They can be better regarded as summaries of what can be found elsewhere and of course there is something to say for someone doing that.

Lamb presents a nice little book to read, but not not expect anything groundbreaking or in depth.

2018 The Laudable Pursuit Press, isbn 1732621403

Ornaments, Furniture and Jewels – Julian Rees (2013)

I was not too impressed with the previous two books of Rees that I reviewed. They make nice reads, but not much more than that. The current title is more like Rees’ wonderful (and similar) book about tracing boards (2015). Like all other titles is not not a thick book, but like the tracing boards book, Ornaments… is a big size (almost A4) book with many images and text.

Rees uses the term “jewels” in another way as you may expect. The book is not about the jewels of the officers or ‘Masonic bling’, but rather about the entire furnishings of a lodge room. Each subject is nicely elucidated making references between different systems such as the Emulation rituals, the workings of the British federation of Le Droit Humain (I guess he must have transferred around this time), but also to French or German workings.

Just as with the tracing boards book, this not only teaches you about symbolism, but also about the rituals and this combination seems to be what Rees is best at.

2013 Lewis Masonic, isbn 0853184127

The Stairway Of Freemasonry – Julian Rees (2007)

As the author says “The Stairway Of Freemasonry” is a follow-up of “Making Light“. A bit too much so perhaps.

The present title is a collection of 30 short essays about a variety of subjects, but roughly the same as what is written about in the other book. There’s not only overlap between the two books, but also between different essays.

Even though Rees addresses both the Mason and non-Mason in his introduction, several chapters are “for (second and) third degree audiences only” and even when considering the other essays I often wonder if they don’t give away too much to someone who is yet to be initiated.

Even more so than in “Making Light” the book isn’t very ‘esoteric’, but rather slightly spiritual, but also still moralistic and with religious tones again. The book presents some nice thoughts and directions for the reader’s own ponderings, but I’m afraid that I find this book even less strong than its predecessor.

2007 Lewis Masonic, isbn 0853182728

Making Light – Julian Rees (2006)

When Rees wrote this book, he (probably) still was a member of a lodge working under the United Grand Lodge of England. Later he would leave it for a lodge under the British federation of Le Droit Humain. The reason for this is that Rees found that UGLE has lost the esotericism of Freemasonry that he did find within Le Droit Humain.

I wouldn’t call this “handbook for Freemasons” “esoteric”, but the author certainly leaves the purely moralistic approach to Masonic symbolism way behind. Rees’ approach is more more spiritual, even leaning towards religious with his many references to ‘reaching towards God’ and the like.

The book mostly seems to aim at the newly made Entered Apprentice, Fellow Craft and Master Mason. He tells the reader what has just happened to him (her), speaking about the rituals in detail, giving explanations and most of all, put elements in a context. Of course the book is based on the rituals that he worked him at the time of writing, so details may differ from your own experiences. It is quite likely that your rituals will be different from those described in the book.

Of course, roughly speaking, things will be similar, or at least comparable or understandable, and Rees certainly has some interesting suggestions for approaches to certain elements of the rituals, so just because your rituals may differ, should not withhold you from reading the book.

From the above you may have understood that this is a book for Freemasons. When you are still considering joining, do not yet read this book. Not that you are going to find passwords, signs or steps in this book, but you will know too much of the proceedings to be surprised when you are subject to them yourself and surprise is an important element of undergoing the rituals. According to the author, the non-Mason is better off with “The Stairway Of Freemasonry“.

2006 Lewis Masonic, isbn 9780853182535

Over 300 Years Of Masonic Ritual – Martin Gandoff (2017)

This book has nothing to do with mixed gender or women’s Freemasonry. Rather, it is a book about UGLE ritual. This review is for people with a general interest in Freemasonry.

The author has a fondness for rituals. He collects them and tries to visit as many different lodges as possible. Even though there is some sort of general ritual for English lodges working under the United Grand Lodge of England, there is a lot of variation. The reason for that is mostly historical and so Gandoff sets out to find the oldest rituals and trace the changes throughout the centuries.

The author starts his story way before the foundation of the “premiere Grand Lodge” in 1717. In fact, he starts with a general history of England to give some perspective to the rise of (speculative) Freemasonry. Then he writes about different periods, being: 1400-1620, 1620-1716, 1717-1730, 1751-1801, 1802-1718 and 1818 onwards.
Each period has its peculiarities. Of course in the older periods the author speaks about “operative” Masonry and searches for the rituals referred to in the Old Charges. Also the exposures get many pages, since they probably give the rituals of their own.
Gandoff also puts quite some stress on the troubled history of the “premiere Grand Lodge” with its rival Grand Lodge, the uniting of the “Antients” and the “Moderns” and what that did to the rituals and so on. He is not soft on the oddities and flaws of his own Grand Lodge either.

The books gives a nice overview of the development of the rituals, the differences and how these came to be. The author tries to do this in a loose writing style that I don’t always appreciate, but that doesn’t mean that I don’t like the book. It would have been nice had it been a bit more in depth, but I guess it’s meant to get you studying yourself.

Don’t buy the book at Amazon for $ 70,- by the way, just get it from the publisher for £ 15,-.

2017 Lewis Masonic, isbn 0853185433

Glimpses of Masonic History – Charles Leadbeater (1926)

Leadbeater was influential early in the development of mixed gender Freemasonry and at the peak of the Theosophical influence. Annie Besant was also a Theosophist and she also introduced Theosophical elements into her Freemasonry, but Leadbeater (together with Wedgewood) went way over Besant in that regard.

Even though attempts were made to get rid of the Theosophical elements within the rituals of Le Droit Humain, there are still lodges who work with either the Besant of the Leadbeater rituals. For members of both types of lodges, the present book and the similar Hidden Life In Freemasonry of the same author are interesting, because Leadbeater sometimes explains why certain elements were added and why they are as they are. Also for people not working in a Theosophical lodge, the book makes a nice read. You get an idea of this ‘exotic’ type of Freemasonry, but also Leadbeater’s very spiritual (and clairvoyant) explanations of Masonic symbolism, sometimes shed a whole new light on the subject.

Both books are available in reprint and ebook, but when you want an original version, they are not too hard to find.

Read more about Leadbeater and his Freemasonry here.